Industry 4.0 – it’s a term that’s been around for over a decade now. No really, it’s been that long. Like most hot topics in tech, it’s a term that’s mired in hype, heightened expectations, and an underlying threat of being taken over by robots (a la Terminator).
But behind the buzz, there’s a powerful digital transformation undercurrent that is legitimately modernizing even older technology like SCADA for the 21st century. It’s exciting, overwhelming and even a bit scary, but it will prove to be a critical component in the ever continuing drive towards manufacturing optimization and improvement.
And it’s happening today.
So what is Industry 4.0, and more importantly, what can your company expect to get from it today, tomorrow, and over the next decade?
In this comprehensive guide, we look at all aspects of Industry 4.0 to understand how this wave of innovation can be harnessed for good.
Two trends serve as the driving force behind Industry 4.0: rapid proliferation of cheaper and cheaper sensors, and the relentless increase in computing power.
The first of these trends, cheaper sensors is leading an increase in the amount of data that can be collected from a plant, machine, vehicle or any other real-world equipment. Interestingly enough, the trend towards smaller and cheaper sensors is driven by the success of another industry – smartphone manufacturing. These devices have been compared to pocket supercomputers, but they are so much more. With over a dozen sensors including magnetoscopes, GPS, gyroscopes, accelerometers, barometers, proximity, ambient light, fingerprint sensors and the like, these devices are more akin to mobile labs than mobile computers. It’s the scale of production with billions of phones per year that drives innovation and builds out supply chains for these sensors, some of which can be shifted towards other applications like industrial measurement. Furthermore, these sensors are designed to produce real-time streams of data 24/7, which when stored raises the tantalizing opportunity to work with millions of hours of production data.
Computing power, the engine that processes all this data has been growing at an exponential rate for the past 50 years. This phenomenon, first observed by Intel founder Gordon Moore and so named Moore’s law, states that processing power and/or capacity will double approximately every 18 months.
To say that this relentless growth has been transformational would be a ridiculous understatement (https://twitter.com/kenshirriff/status/1450164674494750743?lang=en).
For Industry 4.0, this continuous growth in computing power provides the horsepower to process the ever-increasing steam of data from every plant, machine, and sensor.
The convergence of these two trends – sensors and computing – ultimately result in a more accurate and comprehensive digital model of physical machines, equipment and processes.
And once something is digital, it can be copied, replayed, simulated, optimized, and so on. Mathematic-oriented disciplines like computer science and sub-categories like data science, machine learning and artificial intelligence provide techniques that can manipulate, identify patterns and make predictions on any stream of data independently of what that data represents. Algorithms developed for social media processing are equally useful for complex factory environments.
Industry 4.0 will digitize everything.
Data governance is where your company gets to set it policies related to
how data is collected. It is tightly integrated with data strategy in that
it is the implementation of the rules defined in the former.
A solid data governance policy will not only look to identify which sources to consolidate, but it will define who will be able to access data, when the data is pulled, and what do to when conflicts might occur. The governance policy also defines other issues such as retention policies and how to integrate new sources of data as they come online.
We collect personal information from our customers in the regular course of doing business. This brochure answers some of your most frequently asked questions, and lets you know exactly how we're protecting the information you entrust to us. What personal information do you collect about me? We collect the following information about you: -Name -Email Address -Payment card number -Payment card expiry date -Purchase history -Product/service preferences -Customer satisfaction info -Opinions about products and services When you visit our web site, we also collect: -information about your computer, including your IP address, the type of operating system and browser you use, and your computer's location -what pages you visit on our site and what links you click on -what other sites you've visited recently How do you use this information? The main reasons we collect personal information from you are: -Customer service -Marketing -To complete a sale/transaction If it's a necessary part of any of these transactions, we may disclose your information to another company. For example, when you apply for credit, we pass on your personal information to a credit reporting agency so we can complete a credit check. We also pass on your name and address to a courier company to complete a delivery. Use of Personal Information for Secondary Reasons We also may use your personal information for other, secondary reasons, including: To complete a sale/transaction -Name -Email Address -Payment card number -Payment card expiry date -Purchase history -Product/service preferences Marketing -Name -Email Address -Purchase history -Product/service preferences -Customer satisfaction info -Opinions about products and services Customer service -Name -Email Address -Purchase history -Product/service preferences Sharing of Personal Information with Third Parties Sometimes, we also share your personal information with other companies, including: -Partners We will also disclose your personal information if we are required by law to do so. How do you get my consent? When you provide us with personal information to complete a transaction, verify your credit card, place an order, arrange for a delivery or return a purchase, we assume you consent to our collecting it and using it for that specific reason only. If we ask you for personal information for a secondary reason, like marketing, we will either ask you directly for your consent or provide you with an opportunity to say no. Saying no is called "opting out". By opting out, you can tell us not to collect the information and/or not to share it with other companies. How do I opt out? Contact email us at email@example.com with the subject line "Opt out". How do I get more information? Our staff will be happy to answer any questions you may have about your personal information. If you would like more information about our policies, or you would like to see exactly what personal information we have about you in our records, or you wish to register a complaint, please contact: Email: firstname.lastname@example.org You can also contact the Privacy Commissioner of Canada for assistance between the hours of 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. est, at: Toll-free: 1-800-282-1376 Phone: (819)994-5444 Fax: (819)994-5424 TTY: (819)994-6591 or by mail at: 30 Victoria Street Gatineau, Quebec K1A 1H3 or on the web at: http://www.priv.gc.ca